ပိုနားမူး ဟာ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံအခြေစိုက် ဝါး အသုံးပြု ဆောက်လုပ်ရေး နှင့် ဒီဇိုင်း ကုမ္ပဏီတစ်ခုဖြစ်ပြီး မြန်မာနိုင်ငံဝါးလုပ်ငန်း ဖွံဖြိုးတိုးတက်ရေးကို အထူးအလေးထား ဂရုပြုဆောင်ရွက်လျက်ရှိပါတယ်။ ဝါးလုပ်ငန်းအနေနဲ့ ဝါးသိုက်ဝန်းလို့ ခေါ်တွင်တဲ့ စဉ်ဆက်မပြတ်လည်ပတ်နေတဲ့ စီးပွားရေးစနစ်ပေါ်မှာ အခြေခံသင့်တယ်လို့လည်း ကျွနုပ်တို့ အနေနဲ့ယုံကြည်ထားပါတယ်။ ပူနားမူး ဟာ ဝါးသိုက်ဝန်း ရဲ့ အပိုင်း ၃ ပိုင်းတစ်ခုချင်းစီမှာ ဝန်ဆောင်မူပေးလျက်ရှိပါတယ်။
ဝါး ကို နိုင်ငံတကာမှာ အရည်အသွေးမြင့် ဆောက်လုပ်ရေးလုပ်ငန်းသုံးပစ္စည်း ဂေဟစနစ်အဖြစ် လက်ခံလာကြပြီဖြစ်ပါတယ်။ အထူးသဖြင့် ဝါး ရဲ့ ကြာရှည်ခံမှု၊ ခံနိုင်ရည်ရှိမှု၊ ပြန်လည်ပြည့်ဖြိုးနိုင်စွမ်းရှိမှုနဲ့ ကာဗွန်အကြွင်းအကျန်အလွန်နည်းပါးမှု စတဲ့ အရည်အသွေးတွေကြောင့်ပဲဖြစ်ပါတယ်။
မြန်မာနိုင်ငံဟာ ကံကောင်းစွာနဲ့ ကမ္ဘာ့အကြီးဆုံး ဝါး အရင်းအမြစ်များ နှင့် ဆောက်လုပ်ရေးလုပ်ငန်းသုံးမှာ အလွန်ကောင်းမွန်လှပြီး နှစ်ခုမရှိအောင် စုံလင်လှတဲ့ ဝါးမျိုးကွဲတွေပေါက်ရောက်ရှင်သန်လျက်ရှိပါတယ်။ ဒီအရင်းအမြစ်တွေကို မှန်ကန်စွာအသုံးချနိုင်မယ်ဆိုရင်တော့ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံအတွက် အလွန်ကောင်းမွန်တဲ့ လူမှု၊ သဘာဝ နဲ့ စီးပွားရေး ဝန်းကျင်တွေဖန်တီးနိုင်မှာပဲ ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။
SBF takes full advantage of the fact that the bamboo plant, unlike a tree, renews itself annually and produces harvestable timber every year of its mature life. There a re two basic principles to this process that aren’t commonly understood.
Firstly, young culms (the bamboo poles when they are part of the living plant) must be left to carry out their reproductive function in their first two years of life. It is only during this period that these young culms produce the shoots that go on to become future culms
Secondly, bamboo culms reach their optimum strength in their 3rd, 4th or 5th years, depending on the species. Only these culms should ever be used for construction. And once culms pass this age, their strength diminishes greatly and they should be removed from the bamboo clump.
Sustainable Bamboo Forestry is simply based around facilitating these two factors. By implementing SBF, the quantity and quality of bamboo supply is greatly improved. The overall biomass of the bamboo plant is increased and the quality of poles is improved. This leads to greater profits for the bamboo farmer.
Furthermore, by developing a healthier, more productive bamboo resource, Myanmar will reap the environmental benefits of bamboo. Climate change is bringing drought, decline in water table levels and silting of major rivers in some regions. Bamboo is sometimes called a ‘living aquifer ‘ – it roots can store water in the wet season for release during the dry season. In other areas of the country, climate change is bringing unprecedented rainfall, flooding and landslides. Bamboo can play an instrumental role in stablising deforested hillsides, protecting communities from storm winds, and otherwise restoring biodiversity to degraded landscapes.
Pounamu provides the following services in relation to Sustainable Bamboo Forestry: Sustainable Bamboo Forestry training workshops Bamboo clump management and plantation consultancy
Pounamu facilitates workshops around Myanmar to teach rural communities about growing and harvesting their bamboo in a sustainable manner
SBF workshop participants are provided with theoretical and hands-on skills
A system of identifying the age of bamboo poles is central to sustainable bamboo forestry.
This increases the productivity of the bamboo forest and ensures on the strongest 3 to 5-year old bamboo poles are harvested
Buildings constructed with borax-treated bamboo have now been standing for over 30 years in Indonesia and South America.Through this safe, water-based treatment process, bamboo is transformed from a temporary material to a valuable, permanent construction component.
The borax treatment process is relatively uncomplicated but quality control is critical. It should be noted that the borax preservative treatment only protects bamboo from insects and some forms of fungus. It is not a protection from rain and sunlight, which must be considered in the design of bamboo structures.
Nevertheless, borax treatment has the potential to generate sustainable livelihoods by bringing significant added-value to existing bamboo resources. Once bamboo has been treated with borax, it can be stored indefinitely in the correct conditions – it is literally ‘money in the bank’.
Pounamu provides the following services in relation to bamboo treatment:
Bamboo used in construction should be treated like a precious material
Pounamu teaches a heated immersion method of treatment which uses natural borax salt as the preservative
Bamboo drying in the sun after treatment to obtain its honey colour. Propoerly teated bamboo can then be stored indefinitely for later construction use
Delivering elegant, permanent and functional buildings that combine international best practice with Myanmar's rich tradition of bamboo construction
Pounamu provides the following services in relation to bamboo design & construction:
Pounamu uses prefabrication techniques to reduce time on site. This also allows erection of buildings during rainy season.
Pounamu's focus is on simple, high-quality bamboo construction.
Bamboo construction requires teamwork but does not require the use of heavy machinery
Pounamu Bamboo & Construction is working with BIF-UKAid and WWF to build a new community hall in a remote village about 2 hours from Dawei. This is the third and final stage of a bamboo training program for this community. The training program has run over the past year and comprised workshops in sustainable bamboo forestry, borax preservative treatment and now construction.
Work is underway on a bamboo treatment facility in Shan State, Myanmar. The arches utilize split bamboo to provide design flexibility and sturdy support for lifting treated bamboo. Bamboo used is Wa Net (Bambusa vulgaris) and Wabo (Dendrocalamus brandisii)
Pounamu is working on a new resort project in the Mergui Archipelago that uses bamboo extensively in the interior fit-out of the bungalows. Pounamu’s workers are developing new skills which focus much more closely on the quality of finishes. This also means treating and building with a new bamboo species for Pounamu - Thana wa (thyrsostachys oliveri gamble). Hopefully, this will mean more opportunities in future for farmers in areas where this bamboo grows abundantly
Pounamu Bamboo & Construction is working with UKAid to build a new training hall on Kadan Island, the largest island in the Mergui Archipelago. This construction workshop trained (how many?) local carpenters in bamboo building techniques. It follows earlier training workshops in sustainable bamboo forestry and borax preservative treatment. Kadan Island is blessed with very good quality Dendrocalamus Giganteus bamboo (Wa Bo in Burmese). The building must be completed by early December for its first scheduled community training course.
Single-family affordable bamboo house, Shan State, Myanmar.
Over the past couple of months Pounamu has been working on a prototype single-family affordable home constructed from bamboo. In mid-November, we hosted a construction workshop with the Association of Myanmar Architects to build this prototype. The completed house was then donated to a family in Kankaung village, where our factory is located. Last week local monks blessed the home and the family moved in. We are grateful to the sponsorship of building materials by Habitat for Humanity Myanmar.
Kyeik Pe Lan Village,Dawei, Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar
Pounamu Bamboo Design & Construction has completed this community training hall in Kyeik Pe Lan village, about two hours’ drive from Dawei. Many thanks for the support received from WWF and UK Aid-BIF. And also to local villagers who participated in bamboo treatment and construction training workshops and then worked with Pounamu’s staff to complete the project.
During the project we discovered one of the prevalent local bamboo species was particularly suited to making bamboo roofing shingles. Utilizing skills learnt during this project, Kyeik Pe Lan village will supply these treated shingles to a new Pounamu project in this region starting on site in January. Hopefully this will be the beginning of a sustainable, climate-change resilient enterprise for this community, a key objective of this project.
Since Pounamu started our bamboo work three years ago, we have been dedicated to growing relationships, increasing knowledge and sharing techniques.
As well as our work with rural communities and in the commercial sector, we are proud to support:
As well as bringing an international network of bamboo experts from Asia, Europe and South America to Myanmar All with the objective of helping develop the bamboo construction in Myanmar.
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